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Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:102:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:726;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:132:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:128:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:108:\"Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:165;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:103:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:517;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:110:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:103:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:517;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:903;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:105:\"Declaration of views_plugin_query::init() should be compatible with views_plugin::init(&$view, &$display)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:100:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:139;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:102:\"Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options()\";s:5:\"%file\";s:108:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:25;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:137;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:82:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:903;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:136:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:105:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:112:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:105:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134

Warning: Table './darkredw_REF_health/watchdog' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:116:\"Declaration of views_plugin_argument_default::init() should be compatible with views_plugin::init(&$view, &$display)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:111:\"/home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_default.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:92;}', 3, '', 'http://better-health.org.uk/resources/research/critical-review-leadership-interventions-aimed-people-black-and-minority-ethnic-0', '', '54.90.237.148', 1516686622) in /home3/darkredw/public_html/REF-better-health/includes/database.mysqli.inc on line 134
A critical review of leadership interventions aimed at people from black and minority ethnic groups: a report for the Health Foundation | Better Health

A critical review of leadership interventions aimed at people from black and minority ethnic groups: a report for the Health Foundation

Author: Esmail, E, Kalra, V & Abel, P

Publisher: University of Manchester

Publication date: June 2005

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The aim of this study was to assess and evaluate different strategies for increasing the diversity of the workforce at senior levels in the NHS, in order to deal with the problems of black and ethnic minority staff disaffection as well as health inequality amongst black and minority ethnic populations.  Recommendations for the future development of interventions are proposed.